Examples of contracts and research projects are:

Department for International Development (2015).  Budgeting for and valuing of evaluations.  Development of a procedure for assessing investment in the evaluation of international projects.  An application of cost-benefit analysis, ex-ante and ex-post, in a risk environment when outcomes are not known with certainty (sub contract to ITAD ltd).

Forestry Commission (2014) Dual economic analysis of forestry in Scotland. Estimating the employment, income and value-impacts on the Scottish economy of the National Forest Estate and the forestry sector in Scotland. This study includes the direct and indirect impacts of forestry and also the impacts of forest-related recreation, deer stalking and deer management.

Forestry Commission (2014). Assessing the cost-effectiveness of woodlands in the abatement of carbon dioxide emissions. Calculation of the cost-effectiveness of investment in a range of forest types in different regions of GB for reducing carbon emissions. The investment model incorporates the current costs of woodland establishment and maintenance and uses predicted timber prices and DECC carbon values to derive MACCs for forestry.

Forestry Commission (2013) Scoping and specifying a dual economic analysis of forestry in Scotland. A scoping study of options for estimating the employment, expenditures and gross value added of the forestry sector in Scotland and the National Forest Estate.

DEFRA (2013): Woodland owner segmentation. Segmentation modelling of woodland owners and agents to produce typologies for woodland creation and woodland management (sub contract to URS).

DEFRA (2012). Economic evidence to support the Independent Panel on Forestry. Modelling opportunities, costs and benefits from woodland creation in England (sub contract to URS).

Cambridge Water (2012): Land management options for reducing ground water nitrate levels in catchments with water extraction boreholes. A study to identify the potential to reduce nitrate leaching to groundwater though changes to farming practice in selected catchments (sub contract to Mott Macdonald).

Forestry Commission Scotland (2011). Branching Out economic study. Development of economic evaluation methods for a programme developed for those with severe and enduring mental health problems. Download the report

Forestry Commission (2011): Study to assess investment returns in woodland creation in Great Britain.  Development of an Access/Excel model to calculate the rate of return from investment in new forest planting. The model accounts for returns both from timber and carbon sequestration.

DEFRA (2011): Measuring the economic, environmental and ecosystem services value of woodland and heathland and heritage gardens in the context of determining potential impacts from the regulated plant pathogens Phytophthera ramorum and Phytophthera kernoviae.  A risk and valuation study of predicted impacts on woodland and carbon sequestration values of tree pathogens (sub contract for ADAS). Read the final report.

Scottish Government (2010): Review of goose management policy in Scotland.  A detailed study of existing policy with an analysis of policy options for future intervention in goose management (with BTO Scotland).  (Final Report PDF Link)

Environment Agency (2010). Appraising future actions under the Water Framework Directive.   An analysis of cost-effectiveness of strategies for intervention in catchment management in England to improve water quality in the context of WFD requirements  (sub contract to RPA consultants).

RSPB (2009): A costings model for open habitat restoration. Assessment of an RSPB model for deriving the private and public costs of habitat restoration.

Forestry Commission (2009): Analysis of policy options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, forestry and land management : forestry options. MACC curves were developed for 14 types of forestry based on mitigation potential in 2020, 2022 and 2050. Options included short rotation energy forests, coniferous and broadleaved woodlands, and improved management of existing under-managed woodlands.

DEFRA (2009): Analysis of policy options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, forestry and land management (RMP/5142). A cost-effectiveness and policy delivery assessment of a range of options for the sector. (sub-contract to ADAS).

Woodland Trust (2009): The value of benefits arising from trees and woodlands in the UK. An economic valuation review of the social, environmental and cultural benefits delivered by woodlands and trees in the UK.

UK Water Industry Research (2008): Water resources management in cooperation with agriculture. A project within an EU funded LIFE project that measures total costs to farmers in a number of pilot UK catchments of implementing a series of measures designed to reduce diffuse water pollution.

North York Moors National Park (2008): A coast to coast mountain bike feasibility study. This study established a new mountain bike route across northern England and estimated its set-up costs and economic benefits to users and local businesses. With Asken Ltd.

Forest Research (2008): Non-market benefits of 'Forestry For People' in Scotland. A study to quantify the monetary value of the benefits to environment, tourism, recreation, health, community and the economy, of forestry in Scotland. Read the report.

DEFRA (2007): Benefits and Pollution Swapping: Cross-cutting issues for Catchment Sensitive Farming Policy (WT0706). This study examined the impact on primary and secondary emissions of a large number off options for changing the management of crops and livestock. Impacts on nitrate, phosphorus and other emissions to water bodies, and ammonia and greenhouse gases to the atmosphere were quantified and social benefits valued in monetary terms. With IGER as the main contractor. (Final Report PDF - Link)

DEFRA (2007): Assessment of options to improve access to the English Coast. An appraisal of the costs and benefits of alternative measures for increasing public access to the coast. With Asken Ltd. (Final Report PDF - Link)

Plunkett Foundation (2006): Enterprise for Inclusion. Evaluation of DEFRA's funding programme to reduce social exclusion in rural areas. Postal surveys of grant aid recipients, statistical analysis of impacts and evaluation of programme benefits. A DEFRA funded project.

ADAS (2006): Economic Valuation of Soil Functions Phase 1: Literature Review and Method Development.  An assessment of the main functions and services provided by soils. The project reviews the evidence on the valuation of marginal changes to soil services and the methodologies for valuing environmental effects.  Project SP 08004 for DEFRA. (Final Report PDF)

DEFRA (2006): Research in to the funding of community buildings and their associated benefits. A study to identify the public benefits from rural community buildings together with an assessment of funding issues and their resolution. Main contractor Rural Partnerships. (Final Report PDF)

DEFRA (2005): Project to assess future options for set-aside. An economic assessment of the environmental and supply control roles of set-aside. The project analyses a range of policy options for set-aside and the impacts on arable output and the environment (nitrate and phosphorus emissions, climate change and biodiversity). Main contractor University of Cambridge. (Final Report PDF)

PACEC (2005): Evaluation of the South West Forest and Forest Futures Projects.  Assessment of the Forestry Commission and DEFRA expenditures in support of these major investments in new planting and forest management. A study for Forestry Commission England.

Forestry Commission (2005): Forestry Commission Scotland (2005): Economic Evaluation of the forest sector in Moray. An assessment of the impact of forestry on the economy of Moray including the direct, indirect and induced effects on incomes and employment. (Final Report PDF )

DEFRA (2005): Review of evidence for the formulation of forestry policy in England.  A review of the evidence relating to market, environmental and social impacts of forestry as a basis for the development of the revised England forestry strategy. (Final Report PDF)

IGER (2005):
Cost curve of nitrate mitigation options.  Research to quantify the costs and cost-effectiveness of a range of options for reducing nitrate leaching under arable and grassland systems.  Project NT2511 for DEFRA. (Final Report PDF)

Welsh Development Agency (2005):The value of greenspace in Wales: a scoping study. A review of the policy background for greenspace in Wales and the benefits from existing and newly created greenspace.  The review quantifies the benefits to health, environment and the economy. (Final Report PDF)

Forestry Commission Scotland (2005): Economic evaluation of the Central Scotland Forest and Grampian Challenge funds. An appraisal of the costs and benefits of the funds which provided 13m to support new planting in two targeted regions. (Final Report PDF)

Forestry Commission Scotland (2004): Economic evaluation of the Central Scotland Forest and Grampian Challenge funds. An appraisal of the costs and benefits of the funds which provided 13m to support new planting in two targeted regions. (Final Report PDF)

DEFRA (2004): Cost effectiveness of approaches for the delivery of PSA targets relating to SSSIs. A cost benefit analysis of government policy on SSSIs and an assessment of policy measures for the restoration of SSSIs to favourable condition. (Final Report PDF)

Forestry Commission (2004) : Economic analysis of the forest estate managed by Forestry Commission Scotland. An assessment of the cost and benefits of the public estate and the scope for its repositioning to increase the public benefits it delivers. (Final Report PDF - Link)

DEFRA (2004) : Research into the economic contribution of sea angling. A study to measure the economic value to anglers, and economic impacts on the national and coastal economy of sea angling in England and Wales. With Drew Associates and University of Newcastle upon Tyne. (Final Report ZIP file)

DEFRA and Forestry Commission (2003): Methodology for monitoring new woodlands in England . The design of a monitoring and evaluation system for measuring the benefits from grant-aided new planting in the private sector. (Final Report PDF - Link)

Land Use Policy Group of the GB Statutory Conservation, Countryside and Environment Agencies (2003): Review of area-based less-favoured area payments across Great Britain . A comparison of the structure and impacts of the three GB schemes for payment of LFA compensatory allowances under the Rural Development Regulation. (Final Report PD)

Land Use Policy Group of the GB Statutory Conservation, Countryside and Environment Agencies (2003): Review of area-based less-favoured area payments across EU Member States. A comparison of the structure and impacts of new schemes to deliver LFA compensatory allowance under the Rural Development Regulation in six EU Member States. (Final Report PDF)

DEFRA (2003): Review of agri-environment schemes - monitoring information and R&D results. A detailed review of all monitoring and evaluation, economic and R&D studies on agri-environment schemes in England . The project drew conclusions on the effectiveness and value for money of the scheme and put forward proposal for the development of agri-environment policy. With Ecoscope and CPM. (Final Report PDF)

DEFRA/H M Treasury (2003): Economic analysis of forestry policy in England . An economic analysis of the cost and benefits of public intervention in forestry. (Final Report PDF)

Countryside Agency (2002-)
: Development of national indicators of change in countryside character and countryside quality. Member of an expert advisory panel on a Nottingham University Consultants project to develop indicators of changes in countryside quality in England .

DEFRA (2002): Economic evaluation of agri-environment schemes. An assessment of the rationale, performance and future development of agri-environment schemes in England and other countries in the EU. With University of Cambridge . (Final Report PDF)

Forestry Commission (2002)
: Evaluation of the Native Woodland Pilot Scheme. An evaluation of the effectiveness of the pilot scheme for managing native woodlands in England .

Scottish Executive (2002): Evaluating the economic impact of abstraction controls on high and medium volume water users. An appraisal of the impact of abstraction controls on major water using sectors. The study uses detailed surveys and case studies covering 12 sectors of the economy. (Final Report PDF - Link)

Highlands and Island Enterprise and Scottish Natural Heritage (2002): Non market benefits associated with mountain regions. A review of contingent valuation estimates of the environmental, cultural and heritage benefits from land management in upland and mountain areas in Europe. (Final Report PDF - Link)

DEFRA (2002): ERDP Evidence assessment. A review of evidence relating to the benefits, efficiency and effectiveness of policy measures operating under the ERDP. With University of Cambridge and Segal Quince Wicksteed. (Final Report PDF)

DEFRA (2002): Evaluation of woodland creation in England under the WGS and FWPS. Evaluation of the forestry incentive schemes operated in England . With John Clegg and Co. (Final Report - Link)

Scottish Executive (2002): Impacts of the Woodland Grant Scheme and Farm Woodland Premium Scheme in Scotland . An economic, social and environmental evaluation of the grant schemes. (Final Report - Link)


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